Faith and oil money fuel tensions in Horn of Africa.
Relations between the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula go back centuries, with trade playing a key component in binding their peoples together. Religion has also played a part. The expansion of Wahhabism – the fundamentalist interpretation of Islam propagated by Saudi Arabia – has been funded by the massive oil wealth of the kingdom.
Mosques, Koranic schools and imams have been provided with support over many years. Gradually this authoritarian form of Islam began to take hold in the Horn. While some embraced it, others didn’t.